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Northern Europe. Island group between the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, about one-half of the way from Iceland to Norway.
Archipelago of which 17 inhabited islands; strategically located along important sea lanes in northeastern Atlantic; precipitous terrain limits habitation to small coastal lowlands.
Mild winters, cool summers; usually overcast; foggy and windy.
1399 square kilometres; 545.3 square miles.
Tórshavn; population approx.: 19,000 (2007).
Faroese is the national language, rooted in Old Norse. Nordic languages are understood by most Faroese, and English is also widely spoken.
Evangelical Lutheran Church: 80% - Christian Brethren (Plymouth Brethren):10%.
The population of the Faroe Islands is largely descended from Viking settlers who arrived in the 9th century. The islands have been connected politically to Denmark since the 14th century.
Part of the Kingdom of Denmark; self-governing territory within the Kingdom of Denmark since 1948.
Head of government
Prime Minister Kaj Leo Johannesen (since January 2008).
Landsstyrið is appointed by the Prime Minister.
Unicameral Faroese Parliament or Løgting.
Fishing, fish processing, shipbuilding, construction, handicrafts.
29.960 people (per 02.01.07).
Labor force by occupation
Fishing, fish processing, and manufacturing 33%, construction and private services 33%, public services 34%.
Total exports in EUR 519,5 mill. (05.09.07).
Total imports in EUR 628,2 mill. (05.09.07).